Tracking fleet is a tough job to accomplish and is a nightmare for a fleet manager. It requires an aid of tracking technologies like GPS (Global Positioning System) and GLONASS (Global Navigation Satellite System). These technologies help to pinpoint the location of a fleet and particular vehicle as well.
Knowing about the position of a vehicle can come handy in critical or urgent situation and manager must be aware about the position of every vehicle. Like in case of ambulance, an emergency can happen at any time and if the manager knows which of the ambulance is close by time can be reduced thus saving lives.
Tracking fleet involves not only knowing the position of the vehicle or the direction in which they are going but also includes speed of vehicle, halts that were made by vehicle, route taken by vehicle, speed maintained by vehicle and so on. Keeping an eye on all these information can save vehicles from theft and unwanted use.
Also if a driver knows that he is being watched then he will try to complete the work in time by staying on right track and reducing the halts time. Thus the delivery is made on or before time and also some fuel is saved. It also reduces the overtime cost thus reducing the operational cost.
Tracking fleet also helps in keeping record that can come handy in future, the paper work is required to see through unwanted lawsuits, maintain records for payment etc. It also helps the manager to know when is the right time for a vehicle to go for servicing.
The devices use for tracking is of two types:
Active Devices that saves all the information and at the same time sends the data to the system with which it is attached, thus giving minute to minute information to the owner or manager of the fleet.
Passive devices collects all the data and stores them, one can only see all the information once the vehicle is back from the fieldwork.
Mostly the active devices are used in tracking fleet.