Struts LookupDispatchAction Example


Struts LookupDispatchAction Example

Struts LookupDispatch Action (org.apache.struts.actions.LookupDispatchAction) is one of the Built-in Actions provided along with the struts framework.

Struts LookupDispatch Action (org.apache.struts.actions.LookupDispatchAction) is one of the Built-in Actions provided along with the struts framework.

Struts LookupDispatchAction Example


Struts LookupDispatch Action (org.apache.struts.actions.LookupDispatchAction) is one of the Built-in Actions provided along with the struts framework.

.The org.apache.struts.actions.LookupDispatchAction a subclass of org.apache.struts.actions.DispatchAction class.This class enables a user to collect related functions into a single action class. It eliminates the need of  creating multiple independent actions for each function. Here in this example you will learn more about Struts LookupDispatchAction that will help you to grasp the concept better.

Let's develop a class  LookupDispatch_Action which is a sub class of org.apache.struts.actions.LookupDispatchAction class. This class does not provide an implementation for the execute() method because DispatchAction class itself implements this method.  LookupDispatchAction  class is much like the DispatchAction class except that it uses a Java Map  and file to dispatch methods . At run time, this class  manages to  delegate the request to one of the methods of the derived Action class. Selection of a method depends on the value of  the  parameter  passed from the incoming request. LookupDispatchAction uses this parameter value  to reverse-map to a property in the Struts Resource bundle file ( This eliminates the need of creating an instance of ActionForm  class. 

LookupDispatch_Action class contains multiple methods ie.. add() , edit() , search()  , save() . Here all the methods are taking the same input parameters but each method returns a different ActionForward like "add" in case of add() method , "edit" in case of edit() etc. Each ActionForward is defined in the struts-config.xml file (action mapping is shown later in this page). 

Notice the implementation of the getKeyMethodMap()method.This method is required  to  map the names of the  keys  in the Struts Resource bundle file ( to the methods in the class. The key values in the bundle file are matched against the value of the incoming request parameter ( which is  specified in the action tag through struts-config.xml file). Then this matching key is mapped to the appropriate  method to execute ,the mecahanism is implemented through the getKeyMethodMap()and can be defined as key-to-method mapping.

Here is the code for Action Class


@author Amit Gupta
* @Web
* @Email [email protected]

import java.util.*;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse;
import javax.servlet.ServletException;
import org.apache.struts.actions.LookupDispatchAction;
import org.apache.struts.action.ActionForm;
import org.apache.struts.action.ActionForward;
import org.apache.struts.action.ActionMapping;

public class LookupDispatch_Action extends LookupDispatchAction
  protected Map getKeyMethodMap(){
  Map map =  new HashMap();
  return map;
  public ActionForward add(
  ActionMapping mapping,
  ActionForm form,
  HttpServletRequest request,
  HttpServletResponse responsethrows Exception{
  System.out.println("You are in add function.");
  return mapping.findForward("add");

  public ActionForward edit(
  ActionMapping mapping,
  ActionForm form,
  HttpServletRequest request,
  HttpServletResponse responsethrows Exception{
  System.out.println("You are in edit function.");
  return mapping.findForward("edit");

  public ActionForward search(
  ActionMapping mapping,
  ActionForm form,
  HttpServletRequest request,
  HttpServletResponse responsethrows Exception{
  System.out.println("You are in search function");
  return mapping.findForward("search");
  public ActionForward save(
  ActionMapping mapping,
  ActionForm form,
  HttpServletRequest request,
  HttpServletResponse responsethrows Exception{
  System.out.println("You are in save function");
  return mapping.findForward("save");

No need to Develop an ActionForm Class 

Instead create an Application Resource Property File:
in the same directory structure where classes are saved.

Add the following, Message Resources Definitions in  struts-config.xml

<message-resources parameter="" />

Develop the following Action Mapping in the struts-config.xml

Here, Action mapping helps to select the method from the Action class for specific requests. Note that the value specified with the parameter 
attribute is used to delegate request to the required method  of the LookupDispatch_Action Class.

<forward name="add" path="/pages/LookupDispatchActionAdd.jsp" />
<forward name="edit" path="/pages/LookupDispatchActionEdit.jsp" />
<forward name="search" path="/pages/LookupDispatchActionSearch.jsp"/>
<forward name="save" path="/pages/LookupDispatchActionSave.jsp" />

Developing jsp page

Code of the jsp (LookupDispatchAction.jsp)  to delegate requests to different jsp pages :

<%@ taglib uri="/WEB-INF/struts-bean.tld" prefix="bean"%> 
<%@ taglib uri="/WEB-INF/struts-html.tld" prefix="html"%> 
<html:html locale="true">
<TITLE>Dispatch Action Example</TITLE>

<H3>Dispatch Action Example</H3>
<p><html:link page="/">Call Add Section</html:link></p> 
<p><html:link page="/">Call Edit Section</html:link></p> 
<p><html:link page="/">Call Search Section</html:link></p> 
<p><html:link page="/">Call Save Section</html:link></p> 


Add the following line in the index.jsp to call the form.

<html:link page="/pages/LookupDispatchAction.jsp">Struts File Upload</html:link>
Example demonstrates  how LookupDispatchAction class works.

Building and Testing the Example 

To build and deploy the application go to Struts\Strutstutorial directory and type ant on the command prompt. This will deploy the application. Open the browser and navigate to the LookupDispatchAction.jsp page. Your browser displays the following LookupDispatchAction page.

Selecting  Call Add Section displays the following LookupDispatchActionAdd.jsp page

Selecting Call Edit Section displays the following   LookupDispatchActionEdit.jsp page

Selecting Call Search Section displays the following  LookupDispatchActionSearch.jsp page

Selecting Call Save Section  displays the following  LookupDispatchActionSave.jsp  page