In the tutorial I will explain you how to read a text file in Java line by line using the DataInputStream class of the Java API. The DataInputStream class used along with the BufferedReader for reading the file line by line. There are many benefits of reading the file line by line. If you read the file line by line then there will be less requirement of the memory.
Java Read File Line by Line - Example code of reading the text file in Java one line at a time
In the section of Java Tutorial you will learn how to write java program to read file line by line. We will use the DataInputStream class to Read text File Line by Line. Our example program is reading a text file (textfile.txt) one line at a time using the FileInputStream, DataInputStream and BufferedReader classes. This example of reading file is efficient and can be used to read large text files also.
Since this program is using the BufferedReader class to read the data from stream line by line, application is using very less memory and processing power. This program is effective in reading the huge text files which can range into many GB's in size.
Developers can also add the further processing logic to process the data line bye line. For example if there is requirement to process the large legacy data store in txt file then this program can be used very effectively.
Video Instruction of Reading the file line by line in Java:
You can also view the detailed tutorial of reading file line by line in Java programming language. This video tutorial will show you how you can write code, compile and then test the program.
Here is the video tutorial that explains you how to read a text file in Java one line at a time:
Here is the simple Java code example which yet powerful that reads big text file one line at a time. In the following example code we have used the BufferedReader class which contains a method readLine() for reading one line of data one by one. You can easily run the example code on console or in IDE such Eclipse.
Here is the code of java program to Read text File Line by Line:
If you run the above code, it will read "textfile.txt" file and will print the content of file on console one line at a time. Here you can add your code to process one line of data in each iteration. Such example is useful if you have to read big csv file and process the content of csv file line by line.
The Java I/O Package Examples is also very help full for anyone looking for file management examples in Java. Read the complete description of example program discussed above.
Here is the complete explanation of the program:
In this example code following Java classes and Interfaces are used:
The DataInputStream is convenient class for reading the primitive data from the input stream. The data read by DataInputStream is independent of the OS and machine. It can read the data from any input stream. The DataInputStream class can also read the data from output stream written by any other program. In our example discussed we are just reading the text file one line at a time. The DataInputStream class must be used carefully as it not thread safe. Programmer must write own code for making the read thread safe in a multi threaded environment.
Implementing Data input streams and data output strings basically represents Unicode strings in such a format that can be regarded as a slight modification of UTF-8. UTF-8 or UCS Transformation Format-8-bit is a variable-width encoding which encodes each Unicode character in a set of 1 to 4 octets in which the number of octets is dependent upon the integer value assigned to the Unicode character. At present, UTF-8 is one of the major and dominant character encoding for the World Wide Web, which accounts for over half of all Web pages.
Important methods of DataInputStream class are:
- read(byte b)
- read(byte b, int off, int len)
- readFully(byte b)
Constructor of DataInputStream class
Here are the constructor of DataInputStream class.
DataInputStream(InputStream in) - In this Constructor DataInputStream takes InputStream as constructor argument.
The BufferedReader class
The BufferedReader class is used to read data from the character input stream every efficiently. It can read data efficiently as characters, arrays and even lines. This class is very useful in reading the file line be line in Java very easily. You just have to create the object of BufferedReader class by passing the the DataInputStream as constructor parameter and then use the methods of BufferedReader class to read the desired data as characters, array or lines.
The BufferedReader class uses the default buffer size of 8192 chars for reading the data into buffer. This buffer size is sufficient for general applications. But it is also possible to specify the buffer size as per requirement.
Here are the constructor of BufferedReader class:
BufferedReader(Reader in) - This constructor is using the default buffer size. 0
BufferedReader(Reader in, int sz) - Here second argument takes the buffer size as parameter.
If you don't use the BufferedReader class for reading the data line by line then the performance of the application will be very low. Because each request to the Reader internally sends the read request for underlying character or byte stream which is resource hungry and time consuming. So, developers should use the BufferedReader class to read the character stream.
Here is the example of using BufferedReader class: 1
BufferedReader in = new BufferedReader(new FileReader("myfile.txt"));
If you don't use the buffering then the application performance will be slow. Since each time you calls the read() or readLine() method, the data will be read from the the file itself and convert into the characters. So to read the file line by line in Java you should always use the BufferedReader class.
Programs that use DataInputStreams for textual input can be localized by replacing each DataInputStream with an appropriate BufferedReader.