Writing First Hibernate Code

In this section I will show you how to create a simple program to insert record in MySQL database. You can run this program from Eclipse or from command prompt as well. I am assuming that you are familiar with MySQL and Eclipse environment.


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Writing First Hibernate Code


In this section I will show you how to create a simple program to insert record in MySQL database. You can run this program from Eclipse or from command prompt as well. I am assuming that you are familiar with MySQL and Eclipse environment.

Configuring Hibernate
In this application Hibernate provided connection pooling and transaction management is used for simplicity. Hibernate uses the hibernate.cfg.xml to create the connection pool and setup required environment.

Here is the latest video tutorial of writing Hibernate application which is developed using the Hibernate 4. In this video tutorial you will learn the latest method of writing Hibernate code.

Here is the video tutorial of "How to create Hibernate 4 Hello World Program?":

Here is the code:

<?xml version='1.0' encoding='utf-8'?>
<!DOCTYPE hibernate-configuration PUBLIC
"-//Hibernate/Hibernate Configuration DTD//EN"

  <property name="hibernate.connection.driver_class">

  <property name="hibernate.connection.url">

  <property name="hibernate.connection.username">root</property>
  <property name="hibernate.connection.password"></property>
  <property name="hibernate.connection.pool_size">10</property>
  <property name="show_sql">true</property>
  <property name="dialect">org.hibernate.dialect.MySQLDialect</property>
  <property name="hibernate.hbm2ddl.auto">update</property>
  <!-- Mapping files -->
  <mapping resource="contact.hbm.xml"/>

In the above configuration file we specified to use the "hibernatetutorial" which is running on localhost and the user of the database is root with no password. The dialect property  is org.hibernate.dialect.MySQLDialect which tells the Hibernate that we are using MySQL Database. Hibernate supports many database. With the use of the Hibernate (Object/Relational Mapping and Transparent Object Persistence for Java and SQL Databases),  we can use the following databases dialect type property:

  • DB2 - org.hibernate.dialect.DB2Dialect
  • HypersonicSQL - org.hibernate.dialect.HSQLDialect
  • Informix - org.hibernate.dialect.InformixDialect
  • Ingres - org.hibernate.dialect.IngresDialect
  • Interbase - org.hibernate.dialect.InterbaseDialect
  • Pointbase - org.hibernate.dialect.PointbaseDialect
  • PostgreSQL - org.hibernate.dialect.PostgreSQLDialect
  • Mckoi SQL - org.hibernate.dialect.MckoiDialect
  • Microsoft SQL Server - org.hibernate.dialect.SQLServerDialect
  • MySQL - org.hibernate.dialect.MySQLDialect
  • Oracle (any version) - org.hibernate.dialect.OracleDialect
  • Oracle 9 - org.hibernate.dialect.Oracle9Dialect
  • Progress - org.hibernate.dialect.ProgressDialect
  • FrontBase - org.hibernate.dialect.FrontbaseDialect
  • SAP DB - org.hibernate.dialect.SAPDBDialect
  • Sybase - org.hibernate.dialect.SybaseDialect
  • Sybase Anywhere - org.hibernate.dialect.SybaseAnywhereDialect

The <mapping resource="contact.hbm.xml"/> property is the mapping for our contact table.

Writing First Persistence Class
Hibernate uses the Plain Old Java Objects (POJOs) classes to map to the database table. We can configure the variables to map to the database column. Here is the code for Contact.java:

package roseindia.tutorial.hibernate;

 @author Deepak Kumar
 * Java Class to map to the datbase Contact Table
public class Contact {
  private String firstName;
  private String lastName;
  private String email;
  private long id;

 @return Email
  public String getEmail() {
  return email;

 @return First Name
  public String getFirstName() {
  return firstName;

 @return Last name
  public String getLastName() {
  return lastName;

 @param string Sets the Email
  public void setEmail(String string) {
  email = string;

 @param string Sets the First Name
  public void setFirstName(String string) {
  firstName = string;

 @param string sets the Last Name
  public void setLastName(String string) {
  lastName = string;

 @return ID Returns ID
  public long getId() {
  return id;

 @param l Sets the ID
  public void setId(long l) {
  id = l;


Mapping the Contact Object to the Database Contact table
The file contact.hbm.xml is used to map Contact Object to the Contact table in the database. Here is the code for contact.hbm.xml:

<?xml version="1.0"?>
<!DOCTYPE hibernate-mapping PUBLIC 
"-//Hibernate/Hibernate Mapping DTD 3.0//EN"

  <class name="roseindia.tutorial.hibernate.Contact" table="CONTACT">
   <id name="id" type="long" column="ID" >
   <generator class="assigned"/>

  <property name="firstName">
   <column name="FIRSTNAME" />
  <property name="lastName">
  <column name="LASTNAME"/>
  <property name="email">
  <column name="EMAIL"/>

Setting Up MySQL Database
In the configuration file(hibernate.cfg.xml) we have specified to use hibernatetutorial database running on localhost.  So, create the databse ("hibernatetutorial") on the MySQL server running on localhost.

Developing Code to Test Hibernate example
Now we are ready to write a program to insert the data into database. We should first understand about the Hibernate's Session. Hibernate Session is the main runtime interface between a Java application and Hibernate. First we are required to get the Hibernate Session.SessionFactory allows application to create the Hibernate Sesssion by reading the configuration from hibernate.cfg.xml file.  Then the save method on session object is used to save the contact information to the database:


Here is the code of FirstExample.java

package roseindia.tutorial.hibernate;

import org.hibernate.Session;
import org.hibernate.SessionFactory;
import org.hibernate.cfg.Configuration;

 @author Deepak Kumar
 * http://www.roseindia.net
 * Hibernate example to inset data into Contact table
public class FirstExample {
  public static void main(String[] args) {
  Session session = null;

  // This step will read hibernate.cfg.xml 

and prepare hibernate for use
  SessionFactory sessionFactory = new 

 session =sessionFactory.openSession();
  //Create new instance of Contact and set 

values in it by reading them from form object
 System.out.println("Inserting Record");
  Contact contact = new Contact();
  contact.setEmail("[email protected]");
  }catch(Exception e){
  // Actual contact insertion will happen at this step


In the next section I will show how to run and test the program.

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Writing First Hibernate Code

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dibya jyoti das
November 19, 2012
The code is amaizing

This tutorial is very simple as well asa very effective.
November 28, 2012
Please answer

I cant get the output by using above code.I am getting the error Could not parse mapping document from resource contact.hbm.xml Exception in thread "main" java.lang.NullPointerException at roseindia.FirstExample.main(FirstExample.java:34)
January 4, 2013
Need to make small correction in the given example

Hi There, No doubt, your this tutorial (http://www.roseindia.net/hibernate/firstexample.shtml) is very good and informative. But when I tried to use above example as it is, It was not working. I would like to give you my updated code, You can review this and if find this relevant than please update this example. 1.) Need to create object of transaction class as below after session creation. org.hibernate.Transaction txn = session.beginTransaction(); txn.begin(); 2.) Need to commit transaction after save command as: session.save(<NAME_OF_OBJECT>); txn.commit();
April 3, 2013
unable to run the code

i tried your program.its giving me the 'hibernate.cfg.xml' file not found error.while debugging, i noticed that the code after SessionFactory sessionFactory = new Configuration().configure().buildSessionFactory(); is not being executed. pls help
April 13, 2013
small issue with sample code

Hey, Nice and simple article I tried your example.It works good but FirstExample.java fails to insert to database.I am using SqlServer 2005 <property name ="hibernate.dialect">org.hibernate.dialect.SQLServerDialect</property> <property name ="hibernate.connection.driver_class">com.microsoft.sqlserver.jdbc.SQLServerDriver</property> From the logs I can see that the INSERT statement is getting created fine and no exceptions are present but still no entry in database,any ideas?
Dilip Voruganti
April 28, 2013
Data is not going to be inserted in this example

Total example is correct but data is not going to be inserted bcoz of, Not opening Transaction. i.e.., After session =sessionFactory.openSession(); INSERT Transaction t =session.beginTransaction(); and at last say t.commit(); Then ur data will be inserted into the database.
July 10, 2013
Missing code

In FirstExample class we need to begin the Transaction after opening the session i,e Transaction trx=session.beginTransaction(); statement after session =sessionFactory.openSession(); and commit the transaction after saving the session i,e trx.commit(); Correct code ---------------------------- package com.test; import org.hibernate.Session; import org.hibernate.SessionFactory; import org.hibernate.Transaction; import org.hibernate.cfg.Configuration; public class FirstExample { public static void main(String[] args) { Session session = null; try{ // This step will read hibernate.cfg.xml and prepare hibernate for use SessionFactory sessionFactory = new Configuration().configure().buildSessionFactory(); session =sessionFactory.openSession(); //Create new instance of Contact and set values in it by reading them from form object System.out.println("Inserting Record"); Transaction trx=session.beginTransaction(); Contact contact = new Contact(); contact.setId(3); contact.setFirstName("Deepak"); contact.setLastName("Kumar"); contact.setEmail("[email protected]"); session.save(contact); trx.commit(); System.out.println("Done"); }catch(Exception e){ System.out.println(e.getMessage()); }finally{ // Actual contact insertion will happen at this step session.close(); } } }
February 7, 2014
test mail

this too easy to understand for beginners.....tnks a lot.....
Meena Patel
September 2, 2013

Could not parse mapping document from resource employee.hbm.xml Initial SessionFactory creation failed.org.hibernate.InvalidMappingException: Could not parse mapping document from resource employee.hbm.xml Exception in thread "main" java.lang.NullPointerException at com.hibtutorial.mypackage.StoreData.main(StoreData.java:22)