In this article we will see the invention of Artificial Intelligence.In this article we will see the invention of Artificial Intelligence.
American computer scientist and cognitive scientist, John McCarthy (September 4, 1927 ? October 24, 2011), coined the term "artificial intelligence" (AI). John McCarthy is know as the father of Artificial Intelligence. He developed program in Lisp programming language and he was early influence of AI (Artificial Intelligence).
He also influence the design of ALGO programming language popularizing the timesharing in computer. The timesharing refers to the process of sharing the computer resource between multiple users through multi-programming and multi-tasking at the same time. The timesharing concept is allows the computer to server multiple users concurrently at the same time.
McCarthy coined the term "artificial intelligence" (AI) in his 1955 proposal for 1956 Dartmouth Conference. The 1956 Dartmouth Conference was the first conference on Artificial Intelligence. The objective of this conference was to make machine that could think of like human. According to him "every aspect of learning or any other feature of intelligence can in principle be so precisely described that a machine can be made to simulate it."
McCarthy was a famous scientist which received many accolades and honors. He received Turing Award for his contributions to the topic of AI, the United States National Medal of Science, and the Kyoto Prize.
McCarthy was very talented scientist and the year 1951, he received his PhD in mathematics from Princeton. Via Dartmouth and MIT. McCarthy joined Stanford as a full professor at Stanford in 1962, where he remained until his retirement.
John McCarthy was a computer scientist who was born in Boston, Massachusetts 4 September 1927. He married 3 times. He first married Martha White (marriage dissolved, two daughters). Later on his second marriage was with Vera Watson, who died 1978. His third marriage was with Carolyn Talcott (one son). John McCarthy died at Stanford, California on 24 October 2011.
John McCarthy Biography
Born: September 4, 1927 Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.
Died: October 24, 2011 (aged 84) Stanford, California, U.S.
Residence: United States
Alma mater: Princeton University; California Institute of Technology
B Artificial intelligence; Lisp; Circumscription; Situation calculus
Turing Award (1971)
Computer Pioneer Award (1985)
IJCAI Award for Research Excellence (1985)
Kyoto Prize (1988)
National Medal of Science (1990)
Benjamin Franklin Medal (2003)
Fields: Computer technology
Stanford University; Massachusetts Institute of Technology;
Dartmouth College; Princeton University
Doctoral advisor Solomon Lefschetz
Doctoral students Ruzena Bajcsy
Ramanathan V. Guha