Taj Mahal Architecture: A Marvel in The World History
The amalgamation of love with architectural elegance has made Taj Mahal the claimant of one of the seven wonders of world. The undercurrent story of love between Shah Jahan and Mumtaj has given birth to the grandest mausoleum that the world has never witnessed before. Construction of Taj Mahal has not happened in one day. Twenty two thousands laborers including masons, inlayers, stone cutters, carvers, calligraphers, painters, dome builders and other artificers from all the way from Central Asia and Iran worked day and night and has been given shape to the eternal love of Shah Jahan for his beloved wife Mumtaj. This monument is the ultimate juxtaposition of Persian Islamic cultivation with an awe inspiring architectural style of India. It has taken valuable twenty-two years to bewilder the world at such marvel of creation. It is not only the Taj but also the associated structure of the Taj complex excels the all level of aesthecity.
The Taj Mahal an Architectural Geniuses
The chief architecture of Taj Mahal is Ustad Isa. Ismail Afandi from Turkey has contrived the hemisphere and constructed the dome as well. The master calligrapher Amanat Ali came from Persia and created the masterpiece in calligraphy. Stonecutter Amir Ali came from Baluchistan. Chiranji Lal from Delhi has done the mosaic and finally Qazim Khan finished it off with the gold finial on the top of the dome. Though the designs, main construction were came from the mind of chief artificers but the labor of twenty-two thousands laborers altogether has given shape to one of the seven wonders of the world.
The Taj Mahal Complex
The Taj Compound comprises of five important constituents named ? Darwaja (the gateway), Bageecha (the gardens), Masjid (the mosque), Nakkar Khana (the rest house) and Rauza (the main mausoleum). A widespread area of 42 acres with the domain that slopes from south to north towards river Yamuna has been measured to construct the Taj Mahal Complex. The prime gateway and the domed central enclosure built between 1932 ? 1938, was located at the end of long water course. The customization of the gate in calligraphy with the verses from the holy Quran creates a mesmerizing atmosphere at the very beginning. Solid silver is used to make the original door in order to restrict the visitors to have any previous glimpse of the tomb. The gate of Taj Mahal was made up of black stone and maintains vertical equilibrium. Arabic calligraphy of the verses from Quran on the gateway is worth noticing.
The major tomb of Taj Mahal is positioned on the square platform and has been lifted fifty meters above the riverbank. The four campaniles, completely detouched from the square, are kept 137 in order to highlight the magnificent and spherical dome, which is 81 feet high and 58 in diameters. The mosque is situated at the western side of the prime tomb whereas Naqqar Khana or the rest house occupies the eastern side of it. Opposite position of the two not only increases the aesthetic beauty of Taj but also look as the glass image of each other.
The Garden: A Miniature Paradise of Islam
The heavenly garden of Taj Mahal complex occupies 300 meter area out of 580 meter. As far as architecture is concerned the garden has followed the Islamic style to attain sublimity. The message of Holy Quraan is well conveyed here with the lovely greenery and plenty of water. The symbolism related with Paradise of Islam definitely has increased the conceptual as well as architectural beauty of it. Each of the four quarters has sixteen flowerbeds and in each bed it has around four hundred seedlings. The center of taking the snap of the major tomb, the garden bears with it the sublime beauty.
The Mausoleum: Taj Mahal of India
Finally, the Taj Mahal houses preserve the main tomb of Mumtaj Mahal and just beside the tomb there is the tomb of Shah Jahan. The tombs that are visible to the visitors are not the actual ones but the replicas just above the main tombs, which remain lightened with the reflection of the false tombs. The original tomb of Mumtaj Mahal has calligraphic inscription of 99 names of Allah. The polychrome inlay arts also marked on the cenotaphs, marble jhajjari and on dadoos. Though Shah Jahan's tomb was not pre planned and also to a certain extent is confounded but as far as their relationship is concerned it finds ultimate peace in the tranquility and their soul can cherish on what the world has never seen before.