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Execute SQL Queries with Java Application


This is detailed java program to connect java application and execute queries like create table in mysql database, insert some values and retrieve values from the table. Before running this java code you need to copy a mysql connector jar file (mysql-connector-java-3.1.6-bin.jar) in the jdk1.6.0_01\lib and set class path to this file.







 * Execute sql queries with java application.
import java.sql.*;
class ExecuteSqlQuery {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        try {
            /* Create string of connection url within 
            specified format with machine name, 
            port number and database name. Here machine
            name id localhost and database 
            name is usermaster. */
            String connectionURL = 
            // declare a connection by using Connection interface 
            Connection connection = null;
            // declare object of Statement interface that
            uses for executing sql statements.
            Statement statement = null;
            // declare a resultset that uses as a table for 
            output data from the table.
            ResultSet rs = null;
            int updateQuery = 0;
            // Load JBBC driver "com.mysql.jdbc.Driver".
            /* Create a connection by using getConnection()
            method that takes parameters of string type 
            connection url, user name and password to 
            connect to database. */
            connection = DriverManager.getConnection
            (connectionURL, "root", "root");
            /* createStatement() is used for create 
            statement object that is used for sending sql 
            statements to the specified database. */
            statement = connection.createStatement();
            // sql query of string type to create a data base.
            String QueryString = "CREATE TABLE 
            user_master1(User_Id INTEGER NOT "+"NULL 
            AUTO_INCREMENT, User_Name VARCHAR(25),
            UserId VARCHAR(20) "+ ", User_Pwd 
            VARCHAR(15), primary key(User_Id))";
            updateQuery = statement.executeUpdate(QueryString);
            // sql query to insert values in the specified table.
            QueryString = "INSERT INTO user_master1
            (User_Name,UserId,User_Pwd) VALUES "+"('Mahendra
            updateQuery = statement.executeUpdate(QueryString);
            if (updateQuery != 0) {
                System.out.println("table is created 
                successfully and " + updateQuery + " row is inserted.");
            // sql query to retrieve values from the specified table.  
            QueryString = "SELECT * from user_master1";
            rs = statement.executeQuery(QueryString);
            while (rs.next()) {
                System.out.println(rs.getInt(1) + "     " + rs.getString(2) + "  
                  " + rs.getString(3) + "      "+rs.getString(4)+"\n");
      // close all the connections.
    catch (Exception ex) {
            System.out.println("Unable to connect to batabase.");

Output of the program :

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