insert into statement in sql using servlets

In this tutorial we are going to learn how we can insert a value from a html form in the table stored in the database.

insert into statement in sql using servlets

     

In this tutorial we are going to learn how we can insert a value from a html form in the table stored in the database. 

For inserting the values in the database table it is required to have a table in which we are going to insert the values. Now make one jsp page or  html page where we will insert the values. In this program we have made one simple enquiry form which will get stored in the database table and when the data gets entered into the database then you will get a message. Make one submit button for inserting the values into the database. Firstly this values will go to the controller and retrieved the variables enter in the form by the method getParameter() method of the request object. Pass a query to insert the values retrieved from the html form. To set the values into the database use setString() method. To retrieve the values from the database use getString() method of the PreparedStatement object.

The code of the program is given below:

<html>
<head>
<meta http-equiv="Content-Language" content="en-us">
<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=windows-1252">
<meta name="GENERATOR" content="Microsoft FrontPage 4.0">
<meta name="ProgId" content="FrontPage.Editor.Document">
<title>New Page 1</title>
</head>
<body>
<form method="POST" action="/sqlStatServlet/ServletUserEnquiryForm">
  <!--webbot bot="SaveResults" 
  
U-File="fpweb:///_private/form_results.txt"
  S-Format="TEXT/CSV" S-Label-Fields="TRUE" -->
  <p>User Id:&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 
   <input type=
"text" name="userId" size="20"></p>
  <p>First Name: <input type="text" name="firstname" size="20"></p>
  <p>Surname: <input type="text" name="surname" size="20"></p>
  <p>Address1: <input type="text" name="address1" size="20"></p>
  <p>Address2:<input type="text" name="address2" size="20"></p>
  <p>Town:<input type="text"   name="town" size="20"></p>
  <p>City: <input type="text" name="country" size="20"></p>
  <p>Zip code:<input type="text" name="zipcode" size="20"></p>
  <p>  <input type="submit" value="Submit" name="B1"></p>
</form>
</body>
</html>

ServletUserEnquiryForm.java

import java.io.*;
import java.sql.*;
import javax.servlet.*;
import javax.servlet.http.*;

public class ServletUserEnquiryForm extends HttpServlet{
  public void init(ServletConfig configthrows ServletException{
  super.init(config);
  }
  /**Process the HTTP Get request*/
  public void doPost(HttpServletRequest req, 
  HttpServletResponse res
throws ServletException,
  IOException
{
  String connectionURL = "jdbc:mysql://localhost/zulfiqar";
  Connection connection=null;
  ResultSet rs;
  res.setContentType("text/html");
  PrintWriter out = res.getWriter();
  //get the variables entered in the form
  String uId = req.getParameter("userId");
  String fname = req.getParameter("firstname");
  String sname = req.getParameter("surname");
  String address1 = req.getParameter("address1");
  String address2 = req.getParameter("address2");
  String town = req.getParameter("town");
  String county = req.getParameter("country");
  String zipcode = req.getParameter("zipcode")
  try {
  // Load the database driver
  Class.forName("org.gjt.mm.mysql.Driver");
  // Get a Connection to the database
  connection = DriverManager.getConnection
  (connectionURL, 
"root""admin")
  //Add the data into the database
  String sql = 
  "insert into emp_details values (?,?,?,?,?,?,?,?)"
;
  PreparedStatement pst = 
  connection.prepareStatement
(sql);
  pst.setString(1, uId);
  pst.setString(2, fname);
  pst.setString(3, sname);
  pst.setString(4, address1);
  pst.setString(5, address2);
  pst.setString(6, town);
  pst.setString(7, county);
  pst.setString(8, zipcode);
  int numRowsChanged = pst.executeUpdate();
  // show that the new account has been created
  out.println(" Hello : ");
  out.println(" '"+fname+"'");
  pst.close();
  }
  catch(ClassNotFoundException e){
  out.println("Couldn't load database driver: " 
  + e.getMessage
());
  }
  catch(SQLException e){
  out.println("SQLException caught: " 
 
+ e.getMessage());
  }
  catch (Exception e){
  out.println(e);
  }
  finally {
  // Always close the database connection.
  try {
  if (connection != nullconnection.close();
  }
  catch (SQLException ignored){
  out.println(ignored);
  }
  }
  }
}

web.xml file for this program:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1"?>
<!DOCTYPE web-app
 PUBLIC "-//Sun Microsystems, Inc.//DTD Web Application 2.3//EN"
 "http://java.sun.com/dtd/web-app_2_3.dtd">

<web-app>
 <servlet>
 <servlet-name>Zulfiqar</servlet-name>
 <servlet-class>ServletUserEnquiryForm</servlet-class>
 </servlet>
 <servlet-mapping>
 <servlet-name>Zulfiqar</servlet-name>
 <url-pattern>/ServletUserEnquiryForm</url-pattern>
 </servlet-mapping>
</web-app>

The output of the program is given below:

Login.html form for the data input:

The output of the input data:

Download this example:

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