What is GPS Vehicle Tracking? How it Works?

Rose India Technologies is a knowledge hub for all emerging and evolving technologies shaping our life. Here we have discussed on GPS vehicle tracking, how it works and in which beneficial ways it is used.

What is GPS Vehicle Tracking? How it Works?

GPS vehicle tracking systems are widely used these days for monitoring any type of vehicle. Thanks to these precise location tracking systems one can keep track of movement of a single car or a whole contingent of vehicles in real time. The real-time vehicle tracking system allows you monitor up-to-the-minute speed and location information regarding the vehicle. As per the alert choices you have selected in advance both text and email alerts can be sent.

This type of advanced vehicle movement and location tracking systems has been built based on Global Positioning System (GPS) technology. GPS is a space-based system of advanced  navigation allowing precise real time monitoring of location and time information of any moving and non-moving objects in all types of weather conditions on the Earth’s surface or anywhere near it.  GPS is extensively used in a wide variety of applications on land, sea and air. Besides all other usage and applications, GPS to this date has been most popular in transport and vehicle monitoring.

What is GPS vehicle tracking system?

A GPS vehicle tracking system is a signal receiver device that is capable to receive signal sent by the satellites in the orbit around the earth. These tracking units carried normally by a moving vehicle or person can send precise information regarding the movement, location, moving speed of the vehicle in question. The location data recorded by the unit can either be locally stored within the same device or can be transmitted to a central located data base like an internet ready computer. The transmission of the location information from the receiver device to the remote device is done through a cellular, radio, or embedded satellite connection. The location data displayed against the backdrop of a map can be tracked in real time or through later analysis.

How GPS vehicle tracking system works?

The sophisticated GPS tracking technology combined with advanced geo-mapping software can deliver correct and precise information regarding a moving vehicle in real time. A GPS vehicle tracking system gets installed in the vehicle subject to tracking and transmits the location and movement information through an embedded cellular, radio or satellite network. The location information sent by this GPS tracking device is made accessible via a software application in a remote internet enabled device.  

  • GPS vehicle tracking system offers updates concerning the vehicle position every second.

  • GPS vehicle tracking system also offers real-time mapping technology to spot the vehicle against a backdrop of map.

  • Such sophisticated tracking system also delivers detailed vehicle activity reports for further data driven analytics.

Constituents and architecture of GPS vehicle tracking system

GPS enabled vehicle tracking systems are made up of three key constituents, namely, GPS tracking receiver unit, GPS tracking server and an user interface. Now we would have a brief look at these three constituent elements of any GPS vehicle tracking system.

GPS tracking unit: GPS tracking device by receiving signal from the satellites captures location information of the vehicle and sends it to the central server at regular intervals. Besides capturing location information of the vehicle it captures an array of vehicle information like vehicle speed, turn on/off ignition, altitude, fuel amount, engine temperature, tire pressure, battery status, etc.

GPS tracking server: The remotely located GPS tracking server takes care of three things, namely, receiving location data of the vehicle through GPS tracking system, storage of the transmitted data and making the information accessible to the user.

GPS UI: The GPS tracking system UI takes care of the ease of information access and viewing real time vehicle data.

Types of vehicle tracking: Active and Passive

There is a whole array of GPS vehicle tracking systems available and as per the nature of tracking activity they are broadly classified into Active and Passive types. The basic difference between the two lies in capability of real time transmission of vehicle information. While the Active vehicle tracking systems collect the vehicle information and transmit it in real time over cellular or satellite networks, Passive systems basically stores vehicle information for later use. A lot of advanced vehicle tracking systems offer a combination of both active and passive GPS tracking capabilities.

Useful applications of GPS vehicle tracking

GPS vehicle tracking systems are extensively used worldwide across various types of vehicles for both military, commercial, public transport and individual use. In most vehicles enabled with such system a combination of GPS technology with GSM service is the most common. Many of these systems offer active real-time tracking and there are many that record real time vehicle information and store it like data loggers for further use. Some of the most common and useful applications of GPS vehicle tracking systems we would introduce here.

  • Recovery of stolen vehicle: By outfitting such tracking mechanisms in consumer and commercial vehicles administration can track the vehicle in case it is stolen or not found.

  • Managing a fleet of vehicles: For vehicle fleet management the GPS tracking unit can help determining and monitoring the real-time location of the drivers of each vehicle.

  •  Asset tracking: Businesses requiring tracking valuable assets for insurance find GPS tracking helpful for monitoring the movement of the assets in question.

  • Field service: Businesses dealing with a robust field service workforce whether in sales or in maintenance can manage, monitor and track individual movement better through these systems. This would obviously allow increasing the productivity and output to a great extent.

  • Logistics: Carriage and logistics companies find GPS tracking particularly beneficial to keep track of their goods, Lorries and trailers.

  • Surveillance: For security surveillance to keep track of suspicious movements GPS tracking systems can be a great aid to security agencies.

  • Transit tracking: In big airports or in passenger transport terminals GPS tracking systems help tracking of valuable assets or cargoes when given in the care of transit system to deliver from one point to another.

  • Fuel monitoring: GPS tracking units in vehicles can pass on the fuel consumption and fuel level information in real time. This can allow getting help from the vehicle monitors in case of emergency.

  • Calculating distance: Finally GPS tracking units help drivers calculate the distance from one point of travel to another.

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