The great monument of love is the Taj Mahal of Agra. The Taj Mahal is the essence of Mughal art; it is one of the famous buildings of the whole world. Many of us never find the actual purpose of building of Taj Mahal without knowing the history about it, as most of us know that a Mughal emperor Shah Jahan ordered to build a beautiful building and dedicated this building to her beloved one, Mumtaz Mahal (Arjumand Bano Begum), the wife of Emperor Shah Jahan.
At that time 20,000 workers worked on building this monument, and thirty two crore rupees were spent on the manufacture of this beautiful building, The material used in the construction of this tomb was brought from all over the India and central Asia. This material was brought to the site by the fleet of 1000 elephants, it was designed by the architect belongs to Iran, which latter on becomes the monument of love. The work of the architect is best appreciated when the architecture and its decorations are representing the passion that encouraged it. It is the symbol of eternal love to the wife. Actually it was built according to the Islamic structural design. It was remembered by the tomb of emperor's wife, Mumtaz Mahal.
This tomb is the house of queen just like in paradise. Its design and construction is very unique. It has a symbolic meaning for the people of present days. This Taj Mahal is standing on the bank of the great river, which serves as the wide defense of the great Red Fort of Agra; the Red Fort of Agra is the center of Mughal emperor. It was built in 1631 for his second beloved wife. His wife Mumtaz Mahal was the Muslim Persian princes. She died after giving birth of his 14th child in Burhanpur. The death of her beloved wife crushed so much that all of his hairs of head and beard losses the black pigment and becomes white just like snow, within few months.
When the princess was still alive, she took four guarantees from the Shah Jahan: First of that four is to built the Taj Mahal for her; second he should merry with a third wife; third, be kind to the other children who are not belonging to her, and fourth and last one, is to visit the tomb after her death at each death anniversary. He full fills his first two promises. He started the construction of Taj Mahal in 1631 but it was finished in 22 years.
Agra where the great monument Taj Mahal is situated is the city of India. The pictures or movies of Taj Mahal do not sufficiently express the legend, the verse and the romance that it contains. The meaning of Taj Mahal is "Crown Palace" in fact it is the most beautiful and well preserved tomb of the architectural world. The beauty of this art is well described in the poetries of different poets of every language, The best description is found in the English poetry by Sir Edwin Arnold, as "Not a piece of architecture, as other buildings are, but the proud passions of an emperor's love wrought in living stones."
The Taj Mahal is build up on a high base made up of red stone. This is peaked with a large white marble porch. On that porch the rests of the well-known arena lies that is lined by four minarets which shows tapering look. As we all know within the arena lies jewel-inlaid monument of the Mumtaz Mahal, the beloved queen. This is the sing of the true love of an emperor to his beloved queen, he beautifully decorate the Taj Mahal and make it the monument of love.
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