Jantar Mantar of New Delhi
The Jantar Mantar is a unique building that can be found in the middle of New Delhi. This building, which is located around Sansad Marg in Connaught Place, is a spot that was originally created as a critical spot for astronomical observation purposes. These are notable buildings that are important to the history of science in India.
The Jantar Mantar was built in 1724. This was built by Maharaja Jai Singh II, the leader of Jaipur. Jai Singh was very interested in astronomy and had ordered the construction of the Jantar Mantar in New Delhi. It was built with the intention of trying to accurately get readouts of where different celestial bodies are located. Jai Singh did not have much trust in the tables that many astronomers had created at the time.
It took a while for the Jantar Mantar to be built. It took seven years to get ready simply because Jai Singh wanted it to be as accurate and realistic as possible.
There are various different kinds of buildings around the Jantar Mantar New Delhi. There are fourteen different buildings in the space.
The most notable building in the area is the Samrat Jantar. It is also known as the "Prince of Dials." This is a massive triangle that is about seventy feet in height. The triangle was built as a means of measuring time. In other words, it worked as a sundial.
The Samrat Jantar was notable in that it was able to provide incredibly accurate readouts of the exact time. It was built to measure the exact time of the day within a second. It was also used to help determine where the sun is located through declination. An interesting point about the Samrat Jantar is that it features individual spots that are used to determine not only the specific hours of the day but also the exact minutes and seconds of the day.
Another notable part of the building is the Jai Prakash. This is used to determine the point of the sun during the equinox. The bottom part of the building has a small hole in it. The only time when light comes through it is on 21 March. This is when the vernal equinox occurs.
The Mishra Yantra is on the northwestern part of the Jantar Mantar. This spot features pillars that work to measure specific days. These include southwestern pillars that feature 21 June and 21 December, the longest and shortest days of the year. These pillars were also used to help determine when noon occurred in all sorts of parts around the world.
The Ram Yantra is a series of two buildings that are circular in design. They are separate but are easily distinguishable by how they are practically identical to one another. These two buildings were made to help measure the altitudes of different stars in the sky. This worked by measuring them in conjunction with the latitude and longitude parts of the area.
The Jantar Mantar is no longer being used for scientific needs. In fact, many other scientific institutes have been built around the area where the spot is located. However, its bright red design and its tall and well positioned buildings are still very noticeable. The area has since become a great place for people in New Delhi must to visit.
The Jantar Mantar is a spot that truly shows the history of astronomical research in New Delhi. The buildings in this area are incredibly varied and had been used for a variety of different functions. It is a great sight that shows how well the field of astronomy has evolved in India.
Posted on: June 18, 2011 If you enjoyed this post then why not add us on Google+? Add us to your Circles