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Define Tag:

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bean:define Tag - is used to define a scripting variable based on the value(s) of the specified bean property.

Define Tag:

     

bean:define Tag - is used to define a scripting variable based on the value(s) of the specified bean property.

This tag  create a new attribute in the scope as specified and a corresponding scripting variable, both are named by the value of the id attribute.

The corresponding value to which this new attribute (and scripting variable) is set are specified via use of exactly one of the following approaches (trying to use more than one will result in a JspException being thrown).

  1. Specify a name attribute plus optional property and scope attributes
    The created attribute and scripting variable will be of the type of the retrieved JavaBean property, unless it is a Java primitive type.
  2. Specify a value attribute
    The created attribute and scripting variable will be of type java.lang.String, set to the value of this attribute.
  3. Specify nested body content
    The created attribute and scripting variable will be of type java.lang.String, set to the value of the nested body   content.

Note: 

  1. <bean:define> for the same bean name more than once in a single page can't  be apply..
  2. The scripting variable cannot be defined as null.
  3. bean:define Tag can't be used  to instantiate a DynaActionForm.
  4. If a problem occurs while retrieving the specified bean property, a request time exception will be thrown.
Name Description
id

This attribute specifies the name of the scripting variable (and associated page scope attribute) that will be made available with the value of the specified property.

name

This attribute specifies the attribute name of the bean whose property is accessed to define a new page scope attribute (if property is also specified) or the attribute name of the bean that is duplicated with the new reference created by this tag (if property is not also specified). This attribute is required unless you specify a value attribute or nested body content.

property

This attribute specifies the name of the property to be accessed on the bean specified by name. This value may be a simple, indexed, or nested property reference expression. If not specified, the bean identified by name is given a new reference identified by id.

scope

This attribute specifies the variable scope searched to retrieve the bean specified by name. If not specified, the default rules applied by PageContext.findAttribute() are applied.

toScope

This attribute specifies the variable scope into which the newly defined bean will be created. If not specified, the bean will be created in page scope.

value

This attribute specifies the java.lang.String value to which the exposed bean should be set. This attribute is required unless you specify the name attribute or nested body content.

Example Illustrating the use of the Rewrite<html:define > tag.
Here you will learn to use the Struts Html  <html:define> tags. 
We will cover an example that will show a working of<html:define> tags

Example code :
Creating an Action Class : Not Required here.

Creating Form Bean     : Not Required here.
Defining the global-forwards     : Not Required here.
Developing the Action Mapping in the struts-config.xml     :Not Required here.

Developing the beanDefineTag.jsp page

<%@page contentType="text/html"%>
<%@page pageEncoding="UTF-8"%>
<%taglib uri="http://jakarta.apache.org/struts/tags-bean" prefix="bean" %>
<%taglib uri="http://jakarta.apache.org/struts/tags-html" prefix="html" %>
<%taglib uri="http://jakarta.apache.org/struts/tags-logic" prefix="logic" %>
<!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01 Transitional//EN"
"http://www.w3.org/TR/html4/loose.dtd">
<html>
  <head>
  <meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=UTF-8">
  <title>JSP Page</title>
  </head>
 <body bgcolor="#999933">
  
 <h3><font color="#33FF33">Bean Define Tag Demo.......</font></h3>
 <bean:define id="variable" property= "propertyName" value="THE PROPERTY VAL" 
  
toScope="seesion" type="String" />
  <table border="2">
  <tr>
  <th><font color="#33FF33">Property Name</font></th>
 <th><font color="#33FF33">Property Value</font></th>  
 </tr>
 <tr>
  <td><font color="#33FF33">propertyName</font></td>
  <td> <bean:write name="variable" /></td>  
  </tr>
  </table>
  </body>
</html>
 

Add the following line in the index.jsp to call the form.

<a href="beanDefineTag.jsp">beanDefineTagDemo</a><br/> 

Building and Testing the Example 
Build , deploy and Test  the application . 
Open the browser and navigate to the beanDefineTag.jsp page
Your browser displays the following page beanDefineTag.jsp and see the output.

Output:


Above actions   displays the working of beanDefineTag..

     

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Posted on: January 10, 2008

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Comments:2
prasad
July 4, 2011
struts

in bean tag <bean:wite............. <bean:message......... in that above two tags what is the purpose of "message"and "bean" can u wxplain detil
Ramesh raja
August 31, 2012
NME

hay dude
DMCA.com