In this section we will learn about the architectural component of Log4J. Understanding the architecture of Log4J is important.
Three main component of Log4J
The architecture of Log4J framework is layered and consists of three main components. There components of the Log4J are:
Logger is the most essential component of the logging process. It is responsible for capturing the logging information. There are 5 different log levels of the Logger. The level of Logger are as following:
There are 5 normal levels of logger:
In addition, there are two special levels also they are:
You can also set the logger level by putting a simple code like
2. Appenders in Log4J:
The Appender is responsible for publishing the log to a destination. It controls how the logging provides the output.
There are few list of appenders listed below:
ConsoleAppender is used as:
|ConsoleAppender appender = new ConsoleAppender(new PatternLayout());|
FileAppender is used as:
|FileAppender appender = new FileAppender(new PatternLayout(),"filename");|
WriterAppender is used as:
|appender = new WriterAppender(new PatternLayout(),new FileOutputStream("filename"));|
3. Layouts in Log4J:
For each Appender it needs to have an associated Layout, which guides how to format the output. The Layout is responsible for formatting the log output in different layouts. User can control the output format by modifying the Log4J configuration file.
There are basically three types of Layout:
For running application using Log4J you need to download the latest version log4j jar file and then add this to the classpath.
There are two ways to configure the Log4J one is by using properties file and other by using xml file. Using xml for Log4J is quite popular and it is recommended also.
In the next section we will download Log4J libraries, install and then run a small program.
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