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HttpSessionAttributeListener Example

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As we know that the Session is used to maintain the session between request. Session object is responsible to hold the conversational state across multiple requests.

HttpSessionAttributeListener Example

     

As we know that the Session is used to maintain the session between request. Session object is responsible to hold the conversational state across  multiple requests.

The listener HttpSessionAttributeListener is an interface and extends the java.util.EventListener class. This listener will be called by the container whenever there there will be change to the attribute list on the servlet session of a web application. This listener is used when we want to know when a attribute has been added in a session, when a attribute has been removed and when it is replaced by another attribute. We can also say that this attribute is  used when the developer is interested to be notified when the session attribute changes. Now you may be wondering what is an attribute. An attribute is an object set or you can simply say that it is name/value pair where the name refers to a String and a value refers to the Object.

javax.servlet.http.HttpSessionAttributeListener interface has following methods:

  1. attributeAdded(HttpSessionBindingEvent event): It notifies whenever a new  attribute is added to the servlet session.
  2. attributeRemoved(HttpSessionBindingEvent event): It notifies whenever the attribute is removed from the servlet session.
  3. attributeReplaced(HttpSessionBindingEvent event): It notifies whenever the attribute gets replaced on the servlet session.

In the above methods you can see that we have used HttpSessionBindingEvent class as a parameter to the above methods. This class is a event class which is used for notifications when the changes are made to the attributes of  in a session.

The class HttpSessionBindingEvent has two methods:

  1. getName() : This method returns the name of the attribute that has been change in the session.
  2. getValue(): This method will return the value of the attribute that has been added, removed or replaced by other attribute.
  3. getSession(): This method will return the session that has been changed.

The code of the program is given below:

import javax.servlet.*;
import javax.servlet.http.*;

public class SessionAttributeListenerExample
implements HttpSessionAttributeListener {
public void attributeAdded(HttpSessionBindingEvent 
sessionBindingEvent) {
// Get the session
HttpSession session = sessionBindingEvent.getSession();
// Log some information
System.out.println("[SessionAttr] "+new java.util.Date()+
" Attribute added, session "+session+": "
+sessionBindingEvent.getName()+"="+
sessionBindingEvent.getValue());

public void attributeRemoved(HttpSessionBindingEvent 
sessionBindingEvent) {
// Get the session
HttpSession session = sessionBindingEvent.getSession();
System.out.println(new java.util.Date()+" Attribute removed, 
session "+session+": "+sessionBindingEvent.getName());

public void attributeReplaced(HttpSessionBindingEvent 
sessionBindingEvent) {
// Get the session
HttpSession session = sessionBindingEvent.getSession();
// Log some information
System.out.println(new java.util.Date()+" Attribute 
replaced, session "+session+": "+sessionBindingEvent
.getName()+"="+sessionBindingEvent.getValue());
}
}

 

import javax.servlet.*;
import javax.servlet.http.*;
import java.io.*;

public class AttributeSessionForSession extends HttpServlet{
public void doGet(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse 
response) throws ServletException, IOException
{
response.setContentType("text/html");
PrintWriter pw = response.getWriter();
HttpSession session = request.getSession();
session.setAttribute("dog", "Labrador");
session.setAttribute("name", "moti");
session.setAttribute("age","5");
String str1 = (String)session.getAttribute("dog");
pw.println("The breed of the dog is " + str1);
String str2 = (String)session.getAttribute("age");
pw.println("The age of the dog is " + str2);
session.removeAttribute("name");
}
}

The output of the program is given below:

The output on the server will look like this:

Download this example.

 

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Posted on: March 12, 2008

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