Java Field Initialisation - Java Tutorials

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Java Field Initialization

The fields/variable initialization in any programming language is very important. Every programmer does this in different ways. It is performed to provide some default value.

The java programmer can initialize the field in different fashion like some declares the fields and then initializes that. some initializes with their declaration.

public class FieldInitialization{
	private int count;
	private int i;
	private String url;
	
	public FieldInitialization(){
		
	}
	
	public FieldInitialization(int x, String y){
		this.i=x;
		this.url=y;
	}
}

In an object oriented programming language a constructor is used for initialization. Consider a class given below

public class InitializationDemo {
	private int i = 0; // not necessary to initialize here
	private boolean b = false; // not necessary to initialize here

	public InitializationDemo(int x, boolean y) {
		this.i = x;
		this.b = y;
	}
}

In the above code you might me thinking that what is the necessity to initialize the variable above. But when you compile the above code and then decompile. Then you will see the class something like this

public class InitializationDemo {
	  public InitializationDemo(boolean flag, int j) {
	    b = true;
	    i = 0;
	    b = flag;
	    i = j;
	  }
	  private int i;
	  private boolean b;
}

The compiler uses all the filed initializer into its default Constructor. So if you have more than constructor in a class, that all the initialization code is copied into all the constructor. For Example

public class SampleInitializer {
	{
		System.out.println("Testing Field Initialization");
	}
	private int field=10;

	public SampleInitializer() {

	}

	public SampleInitializer(int x) {
		this.field = x;
	}

}

Then the decompiled class would be something like this.

public class SampleInitializer {
	private int field;;

	public SampleInitializer() {
		System.out.println("Testing Field Initialization");
		field=10;
	}

	public SampleInitializer(int x) {
		System.out.println("Testing Field Initialization");
		this.field = x;
	}
}

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Comments:2
cipher
July 2, 2011
java

very useful...
Mrammaji
September 15, 2011
Field Initiation

Good explanation. I would have loved if your examples actually end up printing something (System.out.print). That would show that the fields do actually have a value, instead of confirming that the code does get compiled. Cheers.

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