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Type Comparison Operator

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Java provides a run-time operator instanceof to compare a class and an instance of that class. This operator " instanceof" compares an object to a specified class type.

Type Comparison Operator

     

Java provides a run-time operator instanceof to compare a class and an instance of that class. This operator " instanceof" compares an object to a specified class type.
The instanceof operator is defined to know about an object's relationship with a class. It evaluates to true, if the object or array is an instance of the specified type; otherwise it returns false. The instanceof operator can be used with the arrays and objects. It can't be used with primitive data types and values. Its signature is written as:

object  instanceof  type

Lets have an example :

class X { 
int i, j; 

class Y { 
int i, j; 

class extends X { 
int k; 


public class InstanceOfDemo { 
public static void main(String args[]) { 

X x = new X(); 
Y y = new Y(); 
Z z = new Z();

if(x instanceof X) 
System.out.println("x is an instance of X"); 

X obj; 
obj = z; // X reference to z

if(obj instanceof Z) 
System.out.println("obj is an instance of Z"); 
}
}

.Output of the Program: 

C:\nisha>javac InstanceOfDemo.java

C:\nisha>java InstanceOfDemo
x is an instance of X
obj is an instance of Z

In this example the class "Z" extends the class "X". So the expression " if (x instanceof X)" returns true because the object of class "X" has the reference to the object of class "Z". On the other hand, this example will generate an error, if the expression is written as "if (y instanceof X)" because the object "y" of class "Y" is not an object of class "X".

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Posted on: December 18, 2008

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