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Divya Khajuria
Please can I get the code for solution of producer consumer problem using semaphores?
1 Answer(s)      3 years and 4 months ago
Posted in : Java Beginners


Please can I get the code for solution of producer consumer problem using semaphores?


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August 19, 2011 at 4:11 PM


import java.util.*;
 class Semaphore{
     private int value;
     private int waiting;
     private String message;

    public Semaphore(int val, String mess){
    value = val;
    waiting = 0;
    message = mess;
    }
    public synchronized void down(){
    if (value > 0){
        value--;
        }
    else{
        try{
            waiting++;
            if (message != null)
                System.err.println(message);
            wait();
            }
        catch (InterruptedException e){}
        }
    }
    public synchronized void up(){
    if (waiting > 0){
        notify();
        waiting--;
        }
    else{
        value++;
        }
    }
}
public class ProducerConsumerUsingSemaphores{
    private Buffer b;
    private Semaphore full, empty, mutex;

    class Buffer{
    private LinkedList buf;
    private int items;
    private int size;
    public Buffer(int n){
        buf = new LinkedList();
        items = 0;
        size = n;
    }
    public Object remove(){
        Object result = buf.getFirst();
        buf.remove(0);
        items--;
        return result;
    }
    public void add(Object item){
        buf.add(item);
        items++;
    }
    }
    class Producer implements Runnable{
    private int itemsToAdd;
    public Producer(int n){
        itemsToAdd = n;
    }
    public void run(){
        int i = 0;
        while (true){
            try{
                Thread.sleep((int)(Math.random() * 10) * 100);
            }
            catch (InterruptedException e){}
            empty.down();
            mutex.down();
            b.add(new Integer(i));
            System.out.println("Producer added " + i);
            i++;
            mutex.up();
            full.up();
        }
    }
    }
    class Consumer extends Thread{
    private int id;
    public Consumer(int i){
        id = i;
    }
    public void run(){
        while (true){
            full.down();
            mutex.down();
            Integer item = (Integer)(b.remove());
            System.out.println("Consumer " + id + " removed " + item);
            mutex.up();
            empty.up();

            try{
                sleep((int)(Math.random() * 10) * 100);
            }
            catch (InterruptedException e){}
        }
    }
    }
    public ProducerConsumerUsingSemaphores(int items, int bufferSize, int consumers){
    b = new Buffer(bufferSize);
    empty = new Semaphore(bufferSize, "Producer sleeping");
    mutex = new Semaphore(1, null);
    full = new Semaphore(0, "Consumer sleeping");

    for (int id = 0; id < consumers; id++){
        Thread t = new Consumer(id);
        t.start();
        }

    new Thread(new Producer(items)).start();
    }
    public static void main(String[] args){
    int bufferSize =2;
    int consumers = 1;

    new ProducerConsumerUsingSemaphores(0, bufferSize, consumers);
    }
}


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