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Getting The XML Root Element


After reading this section, you will be able to retrieve a  root element from the XML document.  The JAXP (Java APIs for XML Processing) provides a common interface for creating and using xml files using the standard SAX, DOM and XSLTs. Here you will see the given example to use DOM interface. 

Description of program:

You need a XML document (file). Both Java and the XML file are kept in the same directory. This program takes a XML file as a String at the console . If the given file exists then it parses the document using parse() method . Before parsing the XML document you need a DocumentBuilder object. For creating this first of all you create a DocumentBuilderFactory. After parsing the XML document you get  the node element using getDocumentElement() method. To get the root element use the getNodeName() method.  

Here is the XML File: Employee-Detail.xml

<?xml version = "1.0" ?>

<Emp_Id> E-001 </Emp_Id>
<Emp_Name> Vinod </Emp_Name>
<Emp_E-mail> Vinod1@yahoo.com </Emp_E-mail>

<Emp_Id> E-002 </Emp_Id>
<Emp_Name> Amit </Emp_Name>
<Emp_E-mail> Amit2@yahoo.com </Emp_E-mail>

<Emp_Id> E-003 </Emp_Id>
<Emp_Name> Deepak </Emp_Name>
<Emp_E-mail> Deepak3@yahoo.com </Emp_E-mail>


Here is the Java File: GetRootNode.java

import org.w3c.dom.*;
import javax.xml.parsers.*;
import java.io.*;

public class GetRootNode{
  public static void main(String[] args) {
      BufferedReader bf = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(System.in));
      System.out.print("Enter xml file name: ");
      String str = bf.readLine();
      File file = new File(str);
      if (file.exists()){
        DocumentBuilderFactory fact = DocumentBuilderFactory.newInstance();
        DocumentBuilder builder = fact.newDocumentBuilder();
        Document doc = builder.parse(str);
        Node node = doc.getDocumentElement();
        String root = node.getNodeName();
        System.out.println("Root Node: " + root);
        System.out.println("File not found!");
    catch(Exception e){}

Download this example.

Output of the program:

C:\vinod\xml>javac GetRootNode.java

C:\vinod\xml>java GetRootNode
Enter xml file name: Employee-Detail.xml
Root Node: Employee-Detail


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Current Comments

4 comments so far (post your own) View All Comments Latest 10 Comments:

while i tried to run the above code using 'Eclipse' , its giving error .. "java.io.IOException: Server returned HTTP response code: 503 for URL: http://www.w3.org/TR/html4/strict.dtd" please help me with this error... thank you

Posted by jagan on Tuesday, 02.9.10 @ 13:04pm | #94681

i am Getting File not found as output in my consol.
ahve created both xml and java files in same package, I have used eclipse.Can u help me out

Posted by Ravindra on Monday, 02.1.10 @ 16:36pm | #94498

This tutorial works great on 32 bit XP. It does not work on 64 bit Vista, using the 64 bit Java JDK with NetBeans 6.5.1. It does not find the xml file. I get the following output:

Enter xml file name: Employee-Detail.xml
File not found!
BUILD SUCCESSFUL (total time: 10 seconds)


Posted by Fred Perkins on Thursday, 06.18.09 @ 04:12am | #88580

hai i have one doubt about jsp.
After getting values from database(msaccess)i can't perform any divison for that values.
please help me

Posted by siva on Friday, 08.22.08 @ 16:45pm | #74424

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