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Create cube shape in Applet
Posted on: November 29, 2012 at 12:00 AM
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In this tutorial, you will learn how to create a cube using java2d.

Create cube shape in Applet

In this tutorial, you will learn how to create a cube using java2d. The example creates a cube which gives a 3d view to the cube. Here we haven't used java3d packages. The cube can be rotate when the user dragged the mouse over the cube.

Example:

import java.applet.*;
import java.awt.*;
import java.awt.event.*;
import java.lang.Math;

class Point3D {
public int x, y, z;
public Point3D(int X, int Y, int Z) {
x = X;
y = Y;
z = Z;
}
}
class Edge {
public int a, b;
public Edge(int A, int B) {
a = A;
b = B;
}
}
public class DrawCube3D extends Applet implements MouseListener, MouseMotionListener {
private static final long serialVersionUID = 1L;
int width, height;
int mx, my;
Image imag;
Graphics graph;
int azimuth = 35, elevation = 30;
Point3D[] vertices;
Edge[] edges;

public void init() {
setSize(640, 480);
width = getSize().width;
height = getSize().height;
vertices = new Point3D[8];
vertices[0] = new Point3D(-1, -1, -1);
vertices[1] = new Point3D(-1, -1, 1);
vertices[2] = new Point3D(-1, 1, -1);
vertices[3] = new Point3D(-1, 1, 1);
vertices[4] = new Point3D(1, -1, -1);
vertices[5] = new Point3D(1, -1, 1);
vertices[6] = new Point3D(1, 1, -1);
vertices[7] = new Point3D(1, 1, 1);
edges = new Edge[12];
edges[0] = new Edge(0, 1);
edges[1] = new Edge(0, 2);
edges[2] = new Edge(0, 4);
edges[3] = new Edge(1, 3);
edges[4] = new Edge(1, 5);
edges[5] = new Edge(2, 3);
edges[6] = new Edge(2, 6);
edges[7] = new Edge(3, 7);
edges[8] = new Edge(4, 5);
edges[9] = new Edge(4, 6);
edges[10] = new Edge(5, 7);
edges[11] = new Edge(6, 7);
imag = createImage(width, height);
graph = imag.getGraphics();
drawWireFrame(graph);
addMouseListener(this);
addMouseMotionListener(this);
}
void drawWireFrame(Graphics g) {
double theta = Math.PI * azimuth / 180.0;
double phi = Math.PI * elevation / 180.0;
float cosT = (float) Math.cos(theta), sinT = (float) Math.sin(theta);
float cosP = (float) Math.cos(phi), sinP = (float) Math.sin(phi);
float cosTcosP = cosT * cosP, cosTsinP = cosT * sinP, sinTcosP = sinT * cosP, sinTsinP = sinT * sinP;
Point[] points;
points = new Point[vertices.length];
int scaleFactor = width / 4;
float near = 3;
int i;
float nearToObj = 1.5f;

for (i = 0; i < vertices.length; i++) {
int x0 = vertices[i].x;
int y0 = vertices[i].y;
int z0 = vertices[i].z;
float x1 = cosT * x0 + sinT * z0;
float y1 = -sinTsinP * x0 + cosP * y0 + cosTsinP * z0;
float z1 = cosTcosP * z0 - sinTcosP * x0 - sinP * y0;
x1 = x1 * near / (z1 + near + nearToObj);
y1 = y1 * near / (z1 + near + nearToObj);
points[i] = new Point((int) (width / 2 + scaleFactor * x1 + 0.5),(int) (height / 2 - scaleFactor * y1 + 0.5));
}
g.setColor(Color.black);
g.fillRect(0, 0, width, height);
g.setColor(Color.green);
for (i = 0; i < edges.length; ++i) {
g.drawLine(points[edges[i].a].x, points[edges[i].a].y,
points[edges[i].b].x, points[edges[i].b].y);
}
}
public void mouseClicked(MouseEvent e) {
}
public void mouseEntered(MouseEvent e) {
}
public void mouseExited(MouseEvent e) {
}
public void mousePressed(MouseEvent e) {
mx = e.getX();
my = e.getY();
e.consume();
}
public void mouseReleased(MouseEvent e) {
}
public void mouseDragged(MouseEvent arg0) {
int new_mx = arg0.getX(), new_my = arg0.getY();
azimuth -= new_mx - mx;
elevation += new_my - my;
drawWireFrame(graph);
mx = new_mx;
my = new_my;
repaint();
arg0.consume();
}
public void update(Graphics g) {
g.drawImage(imag, 0, 0, this);
System.out.println("azimuth: " + azimuth + ", elevation: " + elevation);
}
public void paint(Graphics g) {
update(g);
}
public void mouseMoved(MouseEvent arg0) {
}
}

applet.html:

<applet code=DrawCube3D.class width=500 height=400>
</applet>
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Posted on: November 29, 2012

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