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SQL LCASE Function

                         

The LCASE function converts the fields value into the lowercase.

Understand with Example

The Tutorial illustrate an example from SQL L CASE Function. In order to understand the concept of SQL L CASE Function, we create a table name Stu_Table. The create statement helps you to create a table Stu_Table.

Create Table Stu_Table

SQL statement to create table:

 

 

create table Stu_Table(Stu_Id varchar(2), Stu_Name varchar(15), 
Stu_Class  varchar(10),sub_id varchar(2),marks varchar(3));

Insert Data into Stu_Table

The insert into insert records, rows to the Table' Stu_Table'.

SQL statement to insert data into table:

insert into Stu_Table values(1,'Komal',10,1,45);
insert into Stu_Table values(2,'Ajay',10,1,56);
insert into Stu_Table values(3,'Rakesh',10,1,67);

insert into Stu_Table values(1,'Komal',10,2,47);
insert into Stu_Table values(2,'Ajay',10,2,53);
insert into Stu_Table values(3,'Rakesh',10,2,57);

insert into Stu_Table values(1,'Komal',10,3,45);
insert into Stu_Table values(2,'Ajay',10,3,56);
insert into Stu_Table values(3,'Rakesh',10,3,67);

insert into Stu_Table values(1,'Komal',10,4,65);
insert into Stu_Table values(2,'Ajay',10,4,56);
insert into Stu_Table values(3,'Rakesh',10,4,37);

insert into Stu_Table values(1,'Komal',10,5,65);
insert into Stu_Table values(2,'Ajay',10,5,46);
insert into Stu_Table values(3,'Rakesh',10,5,63);

Stu_Table

Records in the table:

+--------+----------+-----------+--------+-------+
| Stu_Id | Stu_Name | Stu_Class | sub_id | marks |
+--------+----------+-----------+--------+-------+
| 1      | Komal    | 10        | 1      | 45    |
| 2      | Ajay     | 10        | 1      | 56    |
| 3      | Rakesh   | 10        | 1      | 67    |
| 1      | Komal    | 10        | 2      | 47    |
| 2      | Ajay     | 10        | 2      | 53    |
| 3      | Rakesh   | 10        | 2      | 57    |
| 1      | Komal    | 10        | 3      | 45    |
| 2      | Ajay     | 10        | 3      | 56    |
| 3      | Rakesh   | 10        | 3      | 67    |
| 1      | Komal    | 10        | 4      | 65    |
| 2      | Ajay     | 10        | 4      | 56    |
| 3      | Rakesh   | 10        | 4      | 37    |
| 1      | Komal    | 10        | 5      | 65    |
| 2      | Ajay     | 10        | 5      | 46    |
| 3      | Rakesh   | 10        | 5      | 63    |
+--------+----------+-----------+--------+-------+

Query

The SQL Query want to select the content of the "stu_id" and "stu_name", column above ,and convert the "stu_name" column to lowercase.

select stu_id, lcase(stu_name)
from stu_table group by stu_id;

Result

+--------+----------+
| stu_id | stu_name |
+--------+----------+
| 1      | komal    |
| 2      | ajay     |
| 3      | rakesh   |
+--------+----------+

                         

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