Software development process, also called software life cycle and software development phases is a set of steps that are involved in the development of a software program before implementation.
Software development process is a complex phenomenon that mainly involves the production aspect of a software development such as software tools. This process is important for the support of management aspect of a software development and is an important part of software development management. A software development process is very similar to a conventional project management process. Let us understand the software development process with the management point of view:
Risk analysis is the major factor of concern for a project before starting it. An effective risk management is required in order to the successful completion of any project. The process of risk management includes measuring and accessing the risk factors involved in the project to develop a suitable strategy to manage those risk factors. Managing the risk factors involves avoiding the risk, reduction of the effects of the possible risks and transfer of risk to another parties. In addition to that, in some cases some of the consequences of the risks are also accepted. Moreover, in a software project development, the risk management also include the cost analysis and the factors that can lead to the project failure. Most commonly, a contingency approach is implied to avoid such risks.
Another aspect of risk management can be opportunity management in which more emphasis is paid on the positive aspects of the risks rather than the negative aspects.
Requirements management is another aspect of project management that needs special attention. This involves identification, extraction, documentation and analysis of the requirements for the project and finally communicating those requirements to the stakeholders. Requirement management is the most important part of software project management that involves the requirement analysis all the specifications placed by the customer to identify the possible solutions to those requirements.
Change management is the process of identification, documentation, analysis, prioritization, and agreeing to the possible changes to the scope of the project to control them and communicate to the stakeholders. It also involves the requirement analysis for the possible changes so that the developers can identify the requirements or changes to be made and able to re-design or modify for the changes. Though, each change occurring can increase the estimated time as well as budget of the project and hence requires risk-benefit analysis before the final approval.
Software Configuration Management:
Software configuration management is the process of identifying, and documenting the scope itself, which is the software product underway, including all sub-products and changes and enabling communication of these to relevant stakeholders. In general, the processes employed include version control, naming convention (programming), and software archival agreements.
Release management is the process of identifying, documenting, prioritizing and agreeing the terms of release of the software to the customer and then controlling the release schedule and communicating to relevant stakeholders. In most of the software projects, there are three aspects of the software environment that can be released. These are Development, Test, and Production.
A subset of release management that that is evolving very fast these days is data management in which the user test the software based on the data available to them and in the field of software a real data is only referred as production.