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Bouncing Thread Example

                         

In this section, we are going to develop a small Java Graphics application that creates a ball which bounce with the help of thread in Graphics.

In the example, a method contentPane() is defined that contains the canvas in the center of the frame. Two Radio Buttons Start and Stop are defined in the panel. On pushing the button 'Start', class ActionListener is called and the ball starts bouncing. On pushing 'Stop', ActionListener is called and the frame will get close. 

The contentPane.add(panel, "North") gives the position to the panel of the buttons on the frame. The dimensions for the ball are defined. The shape of the ball is given by graphics.fillOval(p, q, P, Q).

Here is the code of BounceThreadExample

import java.awt.*;
import javax.swing.*;
import java.awt.event.*;

public class BounceThreadExample {
  public static void main(String[] args) {
    JFrame frame = new BounceThread();
    frame.show();
  }
}
class BounceThread extends JFrame {
  private JPanel canvas;
  public BounceThread() {
  setSize(300200);
  setTitle("Bounce Ball");

  Container container = getContentPane();
    canvas = new JPanel();
    container.add(canvas, "Center");
    JPanel panel = new JPanel();
    add(panel, "Start"new ActionListener() {
    public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent evt) {
        Ball ball = new Ball(canvas);
        ball.start();
      }
    });
   add(panel, "Stop"new ActionListener() {
   public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent evt) {
   canvas.setVisible(false);
   System.exit(0);
      }
    });
   container.add(panel, "North");
  }
  public void add(Container container, String title, ActionListener 
        listener) {

   JRadioButton button = new JRadioButton(title);
   container.add(button);
   button.addActionListener(listener);
  }
}
class Ball extends Thread {
 JPanel box;
 int P = 12, Q = 12, p = 0, q = 0, dp = 3, dq = 3;
  public Ball(JPanel pan) {
    box = pan;
  }
public void draw() {
    Graphics g = box.getGraphics();
    g.fillOval(p, q, P, Q);
    g.dispose();
  }
 public void move() {
    if (!box.isVisible())
      return;
    Graphics g = box.getGraphics();
    g.setXORMode(box.getBackground());
    g.fillOval(p, q, P, Q);
    p += dp;
    q += dq;
    Dimension d = box.getSize();
    if (p < 0) {
     p = 0;
      dp = -dp;
    }
    if (p + P >= d.width) {
      p = d.width - P;
      dp = -dp;
    }
    if (q < 0) {
      q = 0;
      dq = -dq;
    }
    if (q + Q >= d.height) {
      q = d.height - Q;
      dq = -dq;
    }
    g.fillOval(p, q, P, Q);
    g.dispose();
  }

  public void run() {
    try {
      draw();
      for (int i = 1; i <= 800; i++) {
        move();
        sleep(5);
      }
    catch (Exception e) {
    }
  }
}

After pushing the start button, ball starts bounce

Download Source Code

 

                         

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