In this unit we are going to learn some basic of hyper text markup language which is used to write HTML. Once you create an HTML document it can be viewed in any browser. After finishing this chapter , you will be able to write web documents. Once you create your web pages you upload these pages to your site using any FTP software. this unit discuss the basic tags required for creating the HTML document
HTML is basically a language for the web site creation (or publishing the content on web). HTML is very easy and anyone can learn it in no time. So get ready to learn very simple language the HTML.
What is HTML Document?
HTML stands for Hyper Text Markup Language, and it is the language for web. It describes the structure and presentations of a web document (web page). HTML documents are plain-text (also known as ASCII) files that can be created using any text editor (e.g., Emacs or vi on UNIX machines; SimpleText on a Macintosh; Notepad on a Windows machine).
Here are a few simple HTML tags. In HTML all tags are enclosed by < and > brackets.
|<!--comment-->||The Comment tag in HTML|
|<html> </html>||Encloses the entire document|
|<head> </head>||Encloses the head of the document|
|<meta>||Provides information about the document|
|<title> </title>||The title of the document|
|<body> </body>||Encloses the body (text and tags) of the HTML document.|
Writing First HTML
HTML document consists of HTML elements, which are defined using HTML tags.
Hello World HTML
Here is the code of our first HTML document, which displays "Hello World" on the browser.
The HTML document stat with <html> tag and ends with </html> tag. Within this html other tags are defined to make the document. The title tag:
displays the title "Hello Word" in the browsers title bar.
The <p>...</p> is an HTML element, which displays the paragraph on the browser:
The HTML element starts with a start tag: <p>
and ends with </p> end tag.
The purpose of the <body> tag is to define the HTML element that contains the body of the HTML document.
Testing HTML document
Copy the code:
and create "helloworld.htm" using any editor with the above content. Make sure that the extension of the file is ".htm". To test you html document, double click on it. This will open web browser and display your page.
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