Share on Google+Share on Google+

Difference between abstract class and an interface

This section will help you to find the difference between abstract class and an interface.

Difference between abstract class and an interface

The difference between abstract class and interface is one of the most popular question in the interview now a days in core java. This section will help you to find the differences between abstract class and interface in java. Abstract class is a class for which we cannot create object of it. Interface is known for fully abstraction in java. Main reason of interface is to support multiple inheritance in java. Both abstract and interface is a way to achieve abstraction in java. Now here, we will find the difference as follows :

  • First difference, an abstract class contains both abstract method as well as non-abstract method(concrete), but interface can contain only abstract method,  no concrete method allow in the interface. Interface methods are by default abstract and variable are final.  Interface contains only declaration.
  • Second difference is that interface is an interface, an interface can extends another interface while an abstract class is class which cannot extends multiple classes because java does not support multiple inheritance but you can implements multiple interface in java.
  • Third difference is that abstract class begin with the abstract keyword and interface is begin with the interface keyword.
  • An abstract class should be extending using keyword "extends",  java interface should be implements using keyword "implements".
  • Fourth difference is that interface methods has declaration only not implementation, the class which implement the interface need to define the methods of the interface while abstract class can have both abstract and concrete method. Abstract class contains method with definition.
  • Fifth difference is that  an abstract class is little bit fast then interface and interface  required extra search for overridden methods.
  • There is no any difference between a interface and fully abstract class i.e. methods are public static final and methods are abstract).

Syntax :  How to declare abstract class

abstract class Abstract Demo
 public int addition(int a,int b){
 public abstract int multiplying(int a,int b)}

SyntaxHow to declare interface in java

public interface interface-name
  //variable of interface
  //abstract methods



Posted on: June 24, 2013 If you enjoyed this post then why not add us on Google+? Add us to your Circles

Share this Tutorial Follow us on Twitter, or add us on Facebook or Google Plus to keep you updated with the recent trends of Java and other open source platforms.

Discuss: Difference between abstract class and an interface  

Post your Comment

Your Name (*) :
Your Email :
Subject (*):
Your Comment (*):
  Reload Image