Outsourcing is the allocation of tasks or jobs from internal production to an external entity (such as a sub-contractor). The propelling factor behind this development has been the need to cut costs during the recession that began before the events of September 11, 2001 and deepened since then, while the enabling factor has been the global electronic network that allows digital data to be accessed and shipped instantly, from anywhere to anywhere in the world.
Of late, it has come to signify the removal of native staff to the advantage of the overseas staff, where remunerations are strikingly lesser. There are different views on the impact on society, which reflects the attitude of Protectionism versus Free Trade. Some see it as a potential threat to the domestic job market and ask for government protective measures, while others (and not just corporations) see it as an opportunity.But the apprehensions voiced by the First World Countries (particularly USA ) regarding the threat posed to their economies ? especially the increase in unemployment because of Offshore Outsourcing seems to ignore the facts. This is regardless of the verity that the preponderance of outsourcing that transpires at present still occurs within country precincts, especially in North America. Consequently, merely below 5% of the jobs in USA are occupied by the Indians and the Chinese, together. Offshore Outsourcing became a chic catchphrase in business and management in the 1990s.
Offshore outsourcing or Offshoring (as it has come to be known) is one of the major sectors of Indian economy now. For the First World countries, especially USA, Offshore Outsourcing to India is one of the most popular management practices today. Though prompted generally by the cost reduction factor, this is just one of the reasons one should consider offshore outsourcing. Most outsourcing parties are unaware of the fact that Indian Service Providers offer not just cost effective solutions, but also value addition by improving yield and quality.
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