Long Distance Phones Calls
Telephone calls that are made in a place outside a particular area, which is the area that is considered local, and that is characterized by a particular area code is known as a long distance call a LATA or local access and transport area. In the case of the United States, such an area is called or local access and transport area. Generally, long distance calls have specific charges that differ from the local call charges, but it is not a standard charge. It varies from nation to nation and can also change based on the phone companies tariffs and plans. Calls made from one country to another are known as International calls and they generally have very high charges that come with them. If the party that is being called does not accept a collect call, the charges for an international call have to be borne by the calling party.
If you take the case of the United States, there can be two different types of calls that can be considered ‘long distance’. The type of long distance call that is the most common in the United States is the inter-LATA calls or the calls that are interstate. Customers choose between different telephone companies based on their LATA call charges.
The second type of long distance that is slowly becoming more relevant to most states in the U.S is called the intrastate long distance or inter-LATA. In layman terms, this refers to a cal made outside the LATA of the customer but within the state of the customer. Though it is legally and technically a long distance call, the calling area does not have to be served by the same company that is used for the first kind of long distance call. Generally, it comes with different charges than the first form of long distance.
There is another thing you may be interested to hear and this happens in large LATA’s. Local long distance is another name that is oxymoronic and refers to calls made within the LATA of the customer but outside the customer’s local calling area. This area is generally operated by the local telephone provider of the customer’s.
Till the early 1980’s, an incoming call that was long distance could be identified by the called party based on its low level and/or hiss because of the internal signal loss and the noise that was generated from most telecommunications equipment of that era.
The first transcontinental telephone call was made by Alexander Graham Bell on the 25th of January, 1915 at 15, Day Street, New York City. The call was received at 333, Grant Avenue, San Francisco by Thomas Watson. This process however took a total time of 23 minutes and needed 5 intermediary operators. San Francisco and New York City are on two different sides of the United States and thus it was a remarkable achievement in itself. During that period, a long distance call would require the services of 5 or more different operators that are located in the call route and was done via manual patching. Connecting a call from the east coast to the west coast would take around 23 minutes.