What is multi-threading? Explain different states of a thread.
Multithreading is a technique that allows a program or a process to execute many tasks concurrently (at the same time and parallel). It allows a process to run its tasks in parallel mode on a single processor system.
States of Thread:
New state ? After the creations of Thread instance the thread is in this state but before the start() method invocation. At this point, the thread is considered not alive.
Runnable (Ready-to-run) state ? A thread start its life from Runnable state. A thread first enters runnable state after the invoking of start() method but a thread can return to this state after either running, waiting, sleeping or coming back from blocked state also. On this state a thread is waiting for a turn on the processor.
Running state ? A thread is in running state that means the thread is currently executing. There are several ways to enter in Runnable state but there is only one way to enter in Running state: the scheduler select a thread from runnable pool.
Dead state ? A thread can be considered dead when its run() method completes. If any thread comes on this state that means it cannot ever run again.
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